Days or weeks into a project, your supervisor asks for a progress report. Depending on your experience with writing such a document, you might respond with readiness, anxiety, or confusion. Worry not – we’re here to help.
Here, we’ll give you tips on how to write a progress report, complete with templates and checklists. We begin, of course, with the all-important question a newbie might have: “What is a progress report?”
What is a progress report?
A progress report is exactly what it sounds like – a document that explains in detail how you far you’ve gone towards the completion of a project.
It outlines the activities you’ve carried out, the tasks you’ve completed, and the milestones you’ve reached vis-à-vis your project plan.
A progress report is typically written for a supervisor, colleagues, or client. You might write it on your behalf or work with your teammates to produce ateam progress report.
Depending on the scope and complexity of the project, you might need to give a progress report weekly or monthly, or for every 25% project milestone.
Why is a progress report important?
Sometimes it might feel like writing about your progress in detail is redundant, especially when you’ve been regularly communicating with your supervisor, teammates, and client throughout the course of the project.
But this kind of report is actually quite useful for several reasons.
It gets everyone on the same page
Each person who receives a copy of the report will know what has been accomplished. This prevents confusion about what has been or has yet to be done.
It facilitates collaboration
This is especially important when different teams work together. Knowing what the other team is up to helps prevent working in silos and also reduces task redundancy. It also helps one team identify areas where it can offer help or team up with others.
It improves transparency and accountability by providing a paper trail
When you submit your report, you’ve placed on record that you’ve accomplished a task or explained why your results were different than expected. Once the document has been accepted, it becomes part of the project’s official documentation.
So, just in case someone accuses you in the future of failing to accomplish a task or not reporting a problem, you can point to the progress report as proof that you did so.
On the flip side, if your project ever gets nominated for an award, you can be sure validators will come seeking documents that explain how the entire thing was accomplished.
It improves project evaluation and review
Next time you plan for a project, your team can examine documents, including progress reports, of previous projects to find out what was done right, what went wrong, and what can be improved.
Previous reports can shed light on systemic issues, loopholes, and other causes of delay or failure – both internal and external – that must be avoided or resolved.
It provides insights for future planning
When the supervisor knows what tasks have been accomplished, he or she can focus on monitoring progress towards the next stages of the project.
When a report shows that delays have occurred, the supervisor is able to investigate the problems that hindered progress and take steps to prevent them from happening again in the future.
The supervisor will also be able to adjust the project timeline if absolutely needed, or instruct teams to double down.
Here is a progress report example:
How to write a progress report
Have you ever found yourself stuck tapping your pen or staring at a blinking cursor, unable to begin writing?
That’s not an unusual experience when writing progress reports, especially for those whose jobs typically don’t involve writing long documents.
One reason people may find it difficult to write these reports is the thought that they’re not writers. But that’s all in the mind. Reports don’t require sophisticated language – in fact, the simpler, the better. Here are some report writing tips:
Think of it as a Q&A
Because that’s what it is in essence. Imagine your manager, colleagues, or client asking you questions and you giving them answers.
For example, let’s say that you’re organizing a weekend fair with food stalls and music, and you’re in charge of food concessions.
The project plan might require you to have secured letters of intent (LOI) from at least 10 businesses by the end of the first month.
Your progress report would then outline the companies or entrepreneurs who have sent LOIs, including a description of their businesses and plans for their food stalls. If talks are in progress with other business who haven’t yet sent LOIs, you can mention that, too, and explain when they’re expected to send in their letters.
On the other hand, if you haven’t met your target, you’d have to explain why, but also narrate the efforts you have exerted and the expected timeline for achieving the desired results.
Use simple and straightforward language
This doesn’t mean you can’t use technical jargon. For example, if you’re in the construction business, you don’t have to avoid using terms like “tender” or “variation” or “risk management.”
But otherwise, speak plainly. Use clear and concise language. One misconception in business writing is that complexity impresses. In truth, it only causes confusion. Fact is, being able to speak plainly about your subject indicates that you understand your subject matter inside out.
Let’s get specific. One thing that makes business documents dreary is the transformation of verbs into nouns – just like I did there.
If we had to rephrase that to keep the verb, we’d write, “transforming verbs into nouns.” It sounds simpler and gets to the point.
Avoid using the passive voice where possible
Sometimes, you can’t avoid using the passive voice in really formal documents that prohibit the first-person point-of-view. But when done well, it really helps to make your report more relatable.
Going back to the food concession example, a passive sentence would read: “Research on potential food concessionaires was carried out.”
To make that sentence active, give it an actor (which is the team in this case), as in: “The team researched on potential food concessionaires.”
A study published in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience found that when you use concrete words, you tend to engage both the left and right parts of the brain, while the right region tends to remain unstimulated by abstract words.
While the jury is still out on exactly how word meanings are represented in the mind, we can agree that the phrase “a merry sound” doesn’t stir the imagination as much as “tinkling bells”.
“A hot day” doesn’t activate visual imagery as much as “a melting popsicle” does. When a reader’s mind is stimulated by words, it’s less likely to drift off.
Taking the previous example, “researched on potential food concessionaires” doesn’t evoke a visual image. “Built a list of 50 potential food concessionaires” is more concrete, especially when you add details of what food items might be sold.
Explain jargon if needed
This depends on who will be reading your report, and if you’re using very specialized jargon that only members of your team would be familiar with. For example, in a report written by a construction team addressed to the project manager – construction jargon could be used as the recipient obviously understands it.
Spell out acronyms when they first occur in the document
Don’t assume that every single person reading the report will understand all the acronyms you use without you spelling them out. For instance, in construction work, SWMS should first be spelled out as Safe Work Method Statement. ‘Pre-starts’ should be spelled out as ‘pre-start checks’.
So in your report, it would look like this: Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS), then all subsequent references are free to just be SWMS.
Stick to facts
Avoid providing an opinion, unless it’s part of the project.
For instance, your task might be to analyze data and offer your interpretation and prediction. In that case, you can offer your speculation and point of view, as long as you have evidence to back you up.
Use graphics to supplement the text
Avoid writing down a long series of numbers in a sentence. Try using tables or charts, especially when dealing with a series of numbers.
When using graphs or charts, try out several types to determine which ones best presents your data. You might use a bar graph, pie chart, line graph, or even scatter plot. When doing so, though, spend time in distinguishing different data sets from the others by using labels and colours.
Don’t worry if this sounds daunting – there are plenty of software that can help you visualize data, including the most basic examples, MS Excel and Numbers for Mac.
How to structure a progress report
That’s all well and good. But you may still be wondering about the exact process of how to write a progress report. Armed with all of these practical tips, how do you put the report together?
First, it depends on the type of report, as well as the intended reader. A progress report may be written daily, weekly, or monthly. It may be written for an individual or a team.
As you’ll see in the examples below, the main parts of a progress report are:
This part provides an overview of the contents of the progress report. It’s best to write this after you’ve completed all the other parts of the report. That way, you’ll be able to provide an accurate summary.
Keep it short and simple. One or two paragraphs will do.
Numbers and details are your friends, especially when writing this section of the progress report. The accomplishments you write should correspond to your goals.
What were your goals for the period covered by the report? This could be a goal for the day, week, month, or quarter. On the other hand, it could be a team goal, too.
Be concrete when writing goals. For instance:
Explain what situations, if any, prevented you from achieving your goals, or may prevent you from reaching this month’s targets.
But don’t stop there. Be proactive and present an action plan and timeline for resolving the roadblocks. Include details, such as funds, materials, and human resources you may need to implement the solution.
To guide you better, here are progress report template examples that are visually attractive and highly readable.
Daily progress report
A daily progress report includes your goals for the day, as well as your accomplishments the previous day. It also explains challenges encountered in performing tasks and achieving goals.
Another section under the daily progress report is ‘lessons learned’. These need to be directly related to the day’s tasks and challenges, as well as to the previous day’s accomplishments.
Weekly progress report
A weekly progress report provides a week by week breakdown of what has been accomplished and what tasks remain to be completed.
Just like a daily progress report, a weekly progress report may include challenges and lessons learned. Examples are included in the templates below. To get a better idea of this, let’s go back to the events example:
- Many potential vendors were attending a week-long industry convention; couldn’t book meetings
- Potential vendors didn’t read entire email
- Consider industry events when planning timeline for contacting clients
- Introductory emails must be short and have readable formatting
Monthly progress report
A monthly progress report is necessary for projects with longer durations. The report may provide both monthly and quarterly data on project progress.
Team progress report
A team progress report provides information on both team and individual milestones and progress status. Now this one is more complicated, simply because it involves several people who may have worked on different tasks.
It’s not enough to just let one person make the report. Of course, one person can do the typing, but everyone must provide input and feedback.
One way to keep a record of different team members’ input is to keep track of edits they have made.
To do this, simply enable tracking of changes on a Word document, or on Pages for Mac users. When working on a collaborative tool like Google Docs, click the pencil icon on the top-right part of the window, and choose “Edits become suggestions” on the drop-down menu. Here’s what that looks like:
On the other hand, team members can insert progress report comments or questions. Again, you can do this easily on a Word document, as well as on software that let you comment on shared documents, like Google Docs and Piktochart:
Here’s a sample of a team progress report template.
One last thing…
You’ve finally finished typing up your progress report – breathe a sigh of relief, but don’t hit ‘send’ just yet.
Go over it at least once (better to do it more than once, especially if it’s a team report). Re-read the article, edit the content as needed, then ask a teammate to proofread with a fresh pair of eyes.